- Science and Education for Water Services

In 2000, the Capacity Development of Water and Environmental Services (CADWES) research team was formally established at Tampere University of Technology (TUT).

As its mission CADWES has defined "to produce usable knowledge and education, based on multi- and interdisciplinary research, on the evolution and development of sustainable use of water services and water resources in a wider institutional context: organisations, governance, management, economics, legislation, policy, rules and practices".


UNECWAS seminar presentations are available

On Friday 8 June 2018, group of water service experts and practitioners gathered at the sixth annual seminar of the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Water Services to discuss and debate on resiliency and rehabilitation of aging infrastructure. Programme and presentations of the seminar can be found here.

Prof. Esteban Castro challenged us to rethink what we mean when we talk about resilience. There is a lot of scientific literature on resilience, but hardly any address the questions what & whose problems resilience is to solve, let alone the question Why resiliency?

Associate Prof. Klaas Schwartz presented a case study from a Dutch water Utility in Vitens giving an overview of the varied approaches to resilience in Dutch water sector. Approaches depend on e.g. scale and are strongly linked to water source.

In her presentation, Dr Sarah Ward  discussed the diversity of approaches to resilience in the water sector and research in the UK, concluding that resilience, like sustainability is a journey, not an end point.

The afternoon session was started by Adj. Prof. Petri Juuti who told about the Research and Innovation Cluster of Water Services (VEPATUKI). According to preliminary results, networks are in rather good shape in Finland.

Managing directors Petri Jokela (Tampere Water) and Jukka Meriluoto (Hämeenlinna Region Water Utility) discussed resilience from the perspective of the water utilities. According to them, the concept of resilience is not discussed too much in Finnish water sector, but more focus is put on similar concept such as reliability.

Jyrki Laitinen discussed ways of promoting resilience and rehabilitation of aging infrastructure especially in Finland and highlighted the role of good governance. According to Laitinen, we need attitude change in all water utilities – both big and small.


CADWES research team celebrates its 20th anniversary and in his presentation, Adj. Prof. Tapio Katko gave a glimpse of what has been done during these years and presented some key conclusions related to resilience. Adj. Prof. Katko continued Laitinen’s idea of the need for attitude change and asked whether the Finnish water sector would actually need an attitude change instead of structural change.


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Seminar Invitation: Ways for Promoting Resiliency and Rehabilitation of Aging Infrastructure -seminaari 8.6.2018 – Tervetuloa!

Vesihuollon asiantuntijat kokoontuvat 8.6.2018 Tampereen teknillisessä yliopistossa järjestettävään, vesihuollon ikääntyvää infrastruktuuria ja sen resilienssiä käsittelevään Ways for Promoting Resiliency and Rehabilitation of Aging Infrastructure -seminaariin. Englanninkielinen tilaisuus on kaikille avoin – tervetuloa!

Tähän järjestyksessään kuudenteen UNESCO-oppituolin (Kestävät vesihuoltopalvelut) vuosiseminaariin on tänä vuonna tulossa kolme ulkomaista asiantuntijaa: professori Esteban Castro Argentiinasta ja Englannista, professori Klaas Schwartz Delftistä, Hollannista sekä tohtori Sara Ward Länsi-Englannin yliopistosta, Bristolista. Lisäksi on useita kotimaisten asiantuntijoiden alustuksia ja kommenttipuheenvuoroja. Seminaari pidetään englanniksi. Tilaisuuden järjestämistä tukee Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry.

Aika: perjantai 8.6.2018 klo 10.30–17.00

Paikka: TTY:n Rakennustalo, Sali RG 202 (Korkeakoulunkatu 5, Tampere)

Ilmoittautuminen: Tarjoilujen vuoksi pyydämme ilmoittautumaan etukäteen 5.6.2018 mennessä: ja 

OHJELMA/PROGRAMME: 6th UNECWAS Seminar_2018_final draft2

Seminar Invitation

You are cordially invited to join the 6th Annual Seminar of the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Water Services to be held on Friday 8 June, 2018 at 10.30 a.m. at Tampere University of Technology, Civil Engineering, Room RG 202.

This year we will have three internationally well-known foreign experts joining the seminar: Professor Esteban Castro from Argentina and England, professor Klaas Schwartz from Delft, the Netherlands and Dr. Sara Ward from University of Western England in Bristol, UK. In addition, we have several speakers and commentators from Finland. The seminar will be conducted in English. The event is supported by Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry.

Time: Friday 8 June, 2018 at 10.30-17.00

Venue: Tampere University of Technology, Civil Engineering, Room RG 202

Preregistration: You are kindly requested to preregister by 5 June, 2018: and

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Field trip to South Africa, 2017 October – December

Due to a long cooperation with the North-West University (NWU), the University of Johannesburg (UJ), the University of South Africa (UNISA) and the Tampere University of Technology (TUT) we had good opportunity to visit a key research institutions in South Africa.  We were very pleased to have invitations as visiting research professors to UNISA, which also helped us preparing the visit. Our trip was funded by Academy of Finland´s research project REWAGONS. We started out trip to SA  from Tampere on Monday the 30th of October. Flight was via Doha and our arrival to Johannesburg OR Tambo was on Tuesday the 31st of October.

Professor Johann Tempelhoff  was our host during the NWU visit until 8.11.2017.  In addition to interesting field trips, we familiarized with South African Water History Archival Repository (SAWHAR). Professor Tempelhoff has made significant work with SAWHAR and due to that the water archives is already a significant research environment. The NWU’s Vaal Triangle Campus established a water archive in cooperation with the Water Research Commission (WRC) of South Africa. This archive contains historical data on water, including the stories of great water projects undertaken in South Africa such as the Tugela Scheme and the Gariep Dam (

We had intensive discussions and planning considering academic publishing with prof. Tempelhoff. He is a editor of TD journal ( We discussed also about past and future activities of the International Water History Association (IWHA).  Proff. Tempelhoff is the former president of IWHA and UNESCO Co-Chair in Sustainable Water Services Juuti is the current one.  Overall, our visit to NWU was very fruitful.

Our next visit was to UNISA, Pretoria, UNISA 8.11.-15.11.

Our host was Prof Eric Nealer, Department of Public Administration and Management. During our visit we had several planning meetings considering three pre-review articles to international journals and one book chapter, joint effort by Juuti, Nealer and Rajala. We had also opportunity to join water linked field trips.

We were very pleased to meet several colleagues of the prof Nealer and department head Prof Werner Webb.  It is the most efficient way to meet people and colleagues face to face to ensure future connections.

In UNISA, we presented a few papers in research colloquium in the department of public administration. Our presentation titles were:

-Water and Environmental Research in TUT, Tampere, Finland

-Water and Society- Internet based learning

-New University of Tampere

-Artificial Groundwater for Turku Region– Mission Impossible?

Our next stop was Sasolburg and ECOHEALTH conference. President of the conference was prof Elize van Eden from NWU. This small and interesting international conference was held during 16.-17.11.

In the conference titles of our presentation were:

-Regional narratives in the long term water conflict in Finland

-Tampere University of Technology and CADWES research team

-Fusion of Universities in Tampere

-The Past of Water Supply and Sanitation and Its Possibilities – Perspectives of Southern Africa and Northern Europe

Our next and final visit was Cape Town from 18.11.

During our stay, we focused on water crisis in Cape Town. There is now the largest water stress in the history. Water use is heavily restricted. We visited past artefacts of water supply in Table Mountain dated back to 1896. Some parts of this complex water supply from the turn of century is still in use. Nowadays, Cape Town tries to find help to desperate water need from desalination. First trials were already century ago according to archival sources. We visited also in the key libraries, archives and water supply history locations.



We were back in Finland in 12.12.2017 after 27 hours of traveling.  We arrived literature into the middle of the snowstorm.  During this visit, we contacted over 50 academics, presented 8 times, contributed to 9 articles and book chapters. We wish to thank our kind hosts Prof Eric Nealer, Prof Johann Tempelhoff, Prof Werner Webb and Prof Elize van Eden for making this visit possible and their warm hospitality.

We wish to see you also next year, during the ECOHEALTH conference.

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year 2018

All the best,

Petri & Riikka /

Petri Juuti
UNESCO Co-Chair in Sustainable Water Services
President of International Water History Association
Docent/Adjunct Professor In Development of Water Services and Municipal Infrastructure (Tampere University of Technology),
Environmental History (University of Tampere),
History of Technology (Oulu) and Finnish History (Turku)
Research Manager / Civil Engineering
Tampere University of Technology
PO Box 600, FI-33101 Tampere
p.+ 358 50 447 8805

Riikka Rajala
Senior Research Fellow, DSc (Tech.)
TUT Dept. of Civil Engineering
PO Box 600
33101 Tampere
p. +358 50 447 9998

Capacity Development in Water and Environmental Services (CADWES) Research Team

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